A Look Into North Korea: Visiting the DMZ

North Korea is a place of intense intrigue. The world sits in collective curiosity about what goes on behind the borders of this country. What is it really like to live there? What does being at the border feel like? Although a lot of my questions could not, of course, be answered with a tour, it was definitely the start of building a further insight into North Korean life.


Having recently read Justice Kirby's United Nations Commission of Inquiry on North Korea, I was adamant that despite all the questions and curiosity I have, I would not visit the country itself. This is due to a personal reluctance to support the North Korean government with tourism dollars. However, after learning about Korean War and all the associated tensions for many years, a DMZ tour is something I could not turn down.


The Demilitarized Zone (or "DMZ") is the border between North and South Korea. Created in 1953, the border spans 250km from each coast of the Korean Peninsula, and is 4km wide. Within the DMZ lies the Joint Security Area (or "JSA") which is the connection between North and South, and provides a place for negotiations. By visiting the DMZ or JSA, you are not entering North Korean territory itself or providing money to the regime. I decided to go on a Half Day DMZ Tour with VIP Travel. Unfortunately, I was unable to go to the JSA as I was only free on a Sunday and the JSA only operates from Tuesday - Saturday. The guide for the day was Grace, a lovely lady who provided fantastic explanations throughout the day and patiently answered all the questions we had.


The day was a mixture of surreality, emotion, and learning. Among the bizarreness, there was a deep feeling of sadness for the enormous human suffering occurring here.



Imjingak Park and Freedom Bridge

From Seoul, we drove along a highway which had a tall, barbed-wire fence to the side. The wire was occasionally interrupted by a heavily-armed military guard post, complete with camouflage-clad South Korean soldiers. The road followed alongside the Imjin River, twisting and turning with the bends, with the land on the other side belonging to North Korea.


It was strange to see it with my own eyes.


After an hour we arrived at Imjingak, the last village before the DMZ, which has a park dedicated to consoling the families divided by the splitting of North and South Korea. Here is where the enormity of the impact sinks in. Thousands of families broken and displaced by the division.


Ribbons, flags, and ID cards, all covered with written messages of love and hope, cover the fences and flutter in the wind. The Freedom Bridge, a long white bridge over the Imjin River, is the former railroad bridge used for repatriation of POWs. It is a testament to the complexity of the long-standing tensions between these two nations. There are many parts of this site where photography is forbidden.


Ribbons lining the barbed-wire fence and Imjingak Park


Freedom Bridge

Looking over the Freedom Bridge from Imjingak Park



3rd Infiltration Tunnel

The next stop on the journey was the 3rd Infiltration Tunnel. It is one of four discovered tunnels built from North Korea into South Korean territory after the war. Made using dynamite with an unknown human death toll, the tunnel lies 73m below ground.


With a bright yellow helmet on atop my head, I descended into the tunnel. The wet and jagged sides of the tunnel still contained the holes used to place dynamite. As the walk down the tunnel continued, I was edging closer and closer toward North Korean territory. At the nearest point, it was just over 100m from the border.


Visiting the infiltration tunnels is not only a decent cardio workout, but it also provides an unparalleled insight into the tensions of post-War Korea. It explores the depths of espionage and sabotage, even in times of supposed peace. It was here that you first really notice the sounds of music and notices blared through a series of speakers. Grace explained that both the North and South play songs and notices, as well and exclamations of superiority, Apparently, at the moment, the South is winning in this battle of the broadcast due to superior technology.


You are not permitted to film or take photography within the tunnels themselves, and all belongings must be stored in a locker before entering.



Dora Observatory

North Korea

The binoculars looking over the DMZ and into North Korea


The Dora Observatory is the crescendo of the Half-Day DMZ Tour. As the bus winds up the hill, a large camo-painted building makes its presence felt. The building (Dora Observatory), it turns out, looks like a military lecture theatre which overlooks North Korean land. Walking in there felt a little bit bizarre. Thinking back to my own closed-wall lecture theatres in Clayton, it was a little different to the panoramic view here over the world's most strict Communist State.


For 500 won, you can look through the binoculars over the North Korean territory. Although you can see the land and towns well without them, the binoculars serve well to actually see people and the details across the border. From this view point you can see the towns of Gaeseong and Songaksan, as well as the Cooperation Farm and a statue of Kim-Il-Sung. I could not see any people myself, although others in our group did, but was able to see the details of the flags and towns.


North Korea

Overlooking North Korea from Dora Observatory. The photo is not clear, but to the right hand side is the town of Kijŏng-dong, or "Propaganda Village", with a 160m North Korean flagpole.


The town of Kijŏng-dong was the most prominent. Mostly due to the dominating 160m flagpole rising from the sky-blue and white buildings, with a large red, white and blue North Korean national flag waving surreally in the summer breeze. And just across the demarkation there was a slightly shorter flagpole proudly displaying the South Korean flag. Grace carefully recounted the tale of the flag poles to our group. The two sides contended to have the largest flag pole, constantly making their flag poles taller than the other. It all began with the 94m South Korean flagpole, which was countered with the North Korean 160m pole. Nicknamed the "Flagpole War", it is a blatant display of propaganda which, eventually, the North Koreans won. Or, as Grace explained, the South Koreans simply gave up on playing the game and let them have their win. The North Korean flag pole remains the fourth biggest in the world.


As at the Infiltration Tunnels, the South Korean propaganda speakers are blaring music and messages. Except at Dora Observatory it is slightly different, because occasionally you can hear the propaganda coming back from the North. It is more marching songs with a military and nationalistic feel, as opposed to the South which feels more like pop music.


Kijŏng-dong is nicknamed "Propaganda Village". I had heard quite a lot about this "Propaganda Village" so it was weird to see it in person. Although it is hard to know exactly what the truth is, apparently Kijŏng-dong itself is nothing more than a charade. The South Koreans claim that the buildings are uninhabited (having looked with telescopic lenses to find that none of the buildings contain glass in the windows, and no signs of life), whereas the North claims that it is a collective farm. It was all rather intriguing to view.



Dorasan Station

After finishing at the Dora Observatory, it was time to head to the final stop of Dorasan Station. It is the last train station in South Korea before the North. I had recently watched a video about the journey to Dorasan from Seoul so visiting here was an added bonus to the itinerary. Dorasan was built when tensions with the North were low and served as a train line across the border to ferry workers from the North to work in the South. However, since tensions have increased, the train line and factories have shut, leaving it empty of visitors. If the lines were open, this station would connect South Korea with the Trans-Siberian railway, and hence Europe.


The station itself is modern and clean, and it feels as though it should be packed with commuters. However, it is empty.


I bought a train ticket and headed to the platform to check it out. It was like any other station in appearance, except there was a looming and eerie feeling that it was rather different. The platform was empty aside from myself and several fully-armed Korean guards. It was hard to believe that only a few years ago this was an active station between South and North Korea, with hundreds of people passing through every day. There was a sense of optimism that one day it would again reopen.


Ticket to Dorasan

A train ticket has to be bought to enter the Dorasan railway platform


Dorasan Station

The Dorasan Station platform, empty of people except for myself and several South Korean guards


Both the historic and present relationship between North and South Korea is tumultuous and complicated. Visiting the DMZ was a way to explore this relationship and dynamic without funding the regime. It was an eye-opening day and has prompted me to continue reading and further educate myself about the situation. I hope this post can demonstrate some of the complexities of the relationship and the DMZ itself, as well as provide assistance to those who also wish to visit the DMZ. For deeper reading about the occurrences in North Korea itself, I would strongly recommend reading the United Nations Commission.



General information

The DMZ and JSA are part of a civilian controlled zone so can only be accessed by tour.


Tour options: Half-Day (4 hours) or Full-Day; can be DMZ only, DMZ plus JSA, or JSA only. JSA and DMZ tour is the recommended option.

Cost: between $40 and $200USD depending on the tour type and operator

Leaving from: Most tours leave from Seoul

Photography: allowed at many sites, but there are particular areas unable to be photographed. It is important to obey the signs as they will be enforced.

Dress codes: dress codes apply if you are visiting the JSA, but not the DMZ. Requirements will be supplied by your tour company.

Food and drinks: there are plenty of convenience stores at each point to purchase food and drinks, these are more expensive than buying it before the tour.


Have you visited the DMZ or have questions? Leave a comment below - would love to hear from you [icon color="#1fa6c4" icon="icon-heart2" size="24px"]


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During my trip to Seoul, South Korea, I was a guest of VIP Travel on their Half Day DMZ Tour. As always, all opinions are my own. If you are interested in booking a DMZ Tour with VIP Travel make sure you check out their website.


Again, I will remind you that Travel Textbook in no way condones travel to, or financial support of, North Korea itself.

Lucy Owens Travel Textbook


My name’s Lucy and I’m the junior doctor and travel writer behind the blog. If you’re a fan of scratching beneath the surface of travel, visiting interesting destinations, and exploring ethically, then you’re in the right place. Focusing on purposeful budget and solo travel, Travel Textbook hopes to inspire more young people to seek meaningful adventure.


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30 thoughts on “A Look Into North Korea: Visiting the DMZ”

  1. This is really fascinating! It seems like a cool, yet educational tour to take. I bet it was a bit unsettling be the sole person at the train station other than armed guards. I really enjoyed your blog!

  2. I had no idea there was a DMZ tour in South Korea. I would really like to do this the next time I’m in Asia! I’ve been reading a lot of books about North Korea, so this definitely peaked my curiosity. Thank you for an awesome post!

    1. It is definitely a worthwhile part of the continent to check out. There is a lot of history here and I found visiting the area really helped me to better understand what has gone on!

      Glad you enjoyed the post 🙂

      Lucy x

  3. Wow that must have been such a different experience. I am curious about visiting North Korea and constantly in a battle in my mind whether it is appropriate or not. I don’t want to support the regime, but I am so fascinated.

    1. It really was a different experience, and fascinating!

      I felt the same way and have teetered between whether to go or not; in the end I decided just to go to the DMZ because I couldn’t find a way to rationalise going to the North (other than curiosity). It would be a very eye-opening experience!

      I would recommend the DMZ tour if you get the chance, though 🙂

      Lucy x

  4. That sounds like such a fascinating, interesting tour! Would love this insight into the history and the relations of North and South Korea someday.

  5. This is honestly one of the more interesting tours that I had wanted to do when I was in Korea years back. Too Bad I wasn’t able to schedule it in advance.

  6. I did this exact same tour a few months back and found it fascinating. Those fortifications really are something else. I hated the tunnels as I’m a bit claustrophobic but I got the workout regardless!

  7. I went there in 2015, unfortunately, I had a broken leg and couldn’t do some on the DMZ like the tunnel. It’s such a fascinating tour, thank you for sharing your experience.

  8. Great and useful information! I haven’t seen many blog posts written from this perspective. I’m totally with you on having a fascination with North Korea but refusing to visit the country!

    1. Yeah in the end I just couldn’t justify going to the country aside from my fascination, which isn’t strong enough reason to fund the regime ? Thanks so much and glad you enjoyed it!

      Lucy x

  9. Wow, what an amazing article. You give enough information to really get a full picture of the DMZ, but also present it so that I feel I still need to go myself, which I really want to do someday! I certainly didn’t expect the prices to be that high, but I can understand why they would be. I’m not sure that it’s currently the best time to go (hence why it’s nice to have a full picture in your article) but I usually don’t let media scares stop me from traveling. I’ll certainly use this as a guide when I do go.

    1. Thanks so much, glad you enjoyed it 🙂 Yeah it is a tense time in the region, however when I was there nobody really talked about it! It was almost like nothing was really happening which felt a bit bizarre.

      Hope you can make it some day!


    1. Thanks guys 🙂

      Things definitely do seem to be tensing up again! It was strange though because nobody really talked about it when I was in Korea, but I could read about the tensions from the media back in Australia which was surreal.

      Hopefully by the next time I’m back in Seoul the opportunity to visit the JSA will still be there!

      Lucy x

  10. If how methodical the visit to the DMZ is, I can only imagine how visiting North Korea on one of those tours where you’re babysat the entire time must be. I’m also curious, but don’t have a desire to visit North Korea.

  11. Wow that’s very interesting, I had no idea about the DMZ and that you can visit it. That must have been some experience! I understand your fascination with knowing about/visiting North Korea, but funding the regime and taking a tour there? I guess that’s not really the best thing to do. This is a good compromise that you have found!

  12. A couple of years ago I watched a TV documentary about the NK and SK border area: smuggling, propaganda, escapes, families sending money to NK thanks to balloons . . . it was very sad. Although the history is quite interesting I am not sure I would like to do the tour so good to read about it from you

  13. This must have been such an exciting trip. I would never go to North Korea, but I would love to see it from the other side of the fence.

  14. Wow–this sounds like an intense and interesting experience! I’ve always had bad feelings about visiting and supporting the government too, so the DMZ sounds like a good compromise. You were able to learn a lot about what is happening and see things first hand with is always important when trying to understand a situation from the outside. Thanks for sharing about your story!

  15. Wow- what an amazing experience! Hopefully things will cool down there and we can take the kids to visit when they’re older.

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